Biggest Sources of Electricity Demand

Virginia’s overall per capita electricity demand is 29th highest among states, according to U.S. Energy Information Administration. This includes power consumption in homes and businesses, as well as power consumed through transportation and the industrial sector.

Electricity use in Virginia is roughly 32 percent from transportation, 25 percent from homes, 25 percent from offices and businesses, and 18 percent from industrial facilities.

Electricity consumption grew approximately six percent from 2002-2012, while the state’s population grew just three percent — meaning that population growth and increased consumption per capita are equally responsible for the growth in Virginia’s electricity use.  The average Virginian now spends approximately $4,300 per year on energy costs.

Where We Use the Most Energy

  • Heating and cooling, typically the largest energy users in homes and businesses
  • Appliances, especially refrigerators, dishwashers and dryers, which together account for about 20% of all energy used in homes
  • Water heating, on average nine percent of all energy used in the home
  • Lighting, the largest energy user in the commercial sector and nine percent of power used in homes
  • Electronics, an area where demand is increasing because of computers, larger and more sophisticated televisions, digital media and appliances

Residential. Residential electricity consumption in Virginia is growing faster than the population, and it is 22nd highest in the country per capita, according the most recent data from 2012. Home electrical energyuse increased nearly eight percent from 2002 to 2012 and more than 60 percent from 1992 to 2012  due to population growth.

Business. Federal statistics show that Virginia’s commercial sector ranks seventh highest in energy use per capita.

Industrial/Government. Virginia’s utilities serve several large industrial customers, major military bases, one of the largest ports in the United States, and a large share of the computer infrastructure supporting the Internet and centralized computing.

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Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration

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